Within a span of two days this week, Iran launched missiles into Iraq’s semi-autonomous Kurdish region and Syria, followed by an attack in Pakistan. The Syrian strikes targeted alleged ISIL (ISIS) positions, while in Erbil, Iran claimed to have hit a Mossad facility, resulting in at least four deaths.
Subsequently, Iran fired missiles into Pakistan’s Balochistan province, aiming at the separatist group Jaish al-Adl, causing the death of at least two children.
In response, Pakistan initiated retaliatory attacks, resulting in at least nine casualties in Iran’s Sistan-Baluchestan province.
The rapid sequence of attacks has raised concerns about regional escalation, prompting questions about the timing of Tehran’s decision, especially given the ongoing conflict between Israel and Gaza, according to Al-Jazeera.
Analysts suggest that while the alleged targets in Syria, Iraq, and Pakistan may seem unrelated, there is a common thread underlying Iran’s actions. The heightened threat perception in the region, coupled with domestic and external pressures, is believed to have compelled Iran to respond in such a manner.
Recent events, including the killing of a top Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps commander in Syria and a deadly attack during the memorial of Qassem Soleimani, have contributed to Iran’s perceived need to assert itself in the face of evolving threats.
The targeting of ISIL in Syria and Iraq, as well as the strike against Jaish al-Adl in Pakistan, is seen as a response to perceived threats, with Tehran taking measures to address its rising concerns in the region.